BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY INC.                                      


                         INTERIM REPORT                                         

                        For the Quarter                                               
                      Ended June 30, 1997                                            

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (dollars in millions except per share amounts) June 30, December 31, 1997 1996 --------- --------- ASSETS Cash and cash equivalents...................... $ 1,050.9 $ 1,339.8 Investments: Securities with fixed maturities.............. 7,343.0 6,446.9 Equity securities............................. 33,771.2 27,750.6 Receivables.................................... 1,716.2 1,523.2 Inventories.................................... 638.1 619.6 Assets of finance businesses................... 1,075.6 968.8 Property, plant and equipment.................. 1,066.3 1,034.2 Goodwill of acquired businesses................ 3,072.4 3,110.3 Other assets................................... 820.1 616.0 --------- --------- $50,553.8 $43,409.4 ========= ========= LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY Losses and loss adjustment expenses............ $ 6,840.7 $ 6,274.4 Unearned premiums.............................. 1,539.2 1,183.5 Accounts payable, accruals and other liabilities.................... 1,880.7 2,556.8 Income taxes, principally deferred............. 9,063.3 6,837.6 Borrowings under investment agreements and other debt........................... 1,883.5 1,944.4 Liabilities of finance businesses.............. 937.0 851.3 --------- --------- 22,144.4 19,648.0 --------- --------- Minority shareholders' interests............... 397.8 335.1 --------- --------- Shareholders' equity: Common Stock: * Class A Common Stock, $5 par value, 1,369,474 and 1,376,188 shares issued; 1,199,406 and 1,206,120 shares outstanding..................... 6.8 6.9 Class B Common Stock, $0.1667 par value, 985,253 and 783,755 shares issued and outstanding........................ 0.2 0.1 Capital in excess of par value............... 2,274.2 2,274.1 Unrealized appreciation of investments....... 16,166.9 12,143.9 Retained earnings............................ 9,594.9 9,032.7 --------- --------- 28,043.0 23,457.7 Less: Cost of 170,068 Class A common shares in treasury............................ 31.4 31.4 --------- --------- Total shareholders' equity 28,011.6 23,426.3 --------- --------- $50,553.8 $43,409.4 ========= ========= * Class B Common Stock has economic rights equal to one-thirtieth (1/30) of the economic rights of Class A Common Stock. Accordingly, on an equivalent Class A Common Stock basis, there are 1,232,248 shares outstanding at June 30, 1997 and 1,232,245 at December 31, 1996. Net book value per equivalent Class A Common share is $22,732 at June 30, 1997. See accompanying Notes
BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY INC. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS (dollars in millions except per share amounts) Second Quarter First Half 1997 1996 1997 1996 --------- --------- --------- --------- Revenues: Insurance premiums earned............................$ 1,260.1 $ 1,011.7 $ 2,243.1 $ 1,933.6 Sales and service revenues........................... 820.5 715.1 1,638.0 1,415.2 Interest and dividend income......................... 213.9 190.0 448.7 362.2 Income from finance businesses....................... 8.2 5.2 15.0 11.0 Realized investment gain (loss)...................... 35.5 (7.2) 68.2 2,332.5 --------- --------- --------- --------- 2,338.2 1,914.8 4,413.0 6,054.5 --------- --------- --------- --------- Cost and expenses: Insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses........ 964.5 784.1 1,717.1 1,522.0 Insurance underwriting expenses...................... 202.4 172.2 362.2 333.7 Cost of products and services sold................... 458.8 449.0 908.5 880.5 Selling, general and administrative expenses......... 266.9 203.7 533.0 414.6 Goodwill amortization................................ 20.7 15.5 41.4 30.6 Interest expense..................................... 27.3 26.9 55.4 53.2 --------- --------- --------- --------- 1,940.6 1,651.4 3,617.6 3,234.6 --------- --------- --------- --------- Earnings before income taxes and minority interest... 397.6 263.4 795.4 2,819.9 Income taxes......................................... 116.1 69.1 225.7 947.2 Minority interest.................................... 3.7 3.1 7.5 12.8 --------- --------- --------- --------- Net earnings.......................................$ 277.8 $ 191.2 $ 562.2 $ 1,859.9 ========= ========= ========= ========= Average shares outstanding * 1,232,246 1,203,748 1,232,246 1,198,630 Net earnings per share * $ 225 $ 159 $ 456 $ 1,552 ======= ======= ======= ======= * Class B Common Stock has economic rights equal to one-thirtieth (1/30) of the economic rights of Class A Common Stock. Average shares outstanding include average Class A Common shares and average Class B Common shares, if any, determined on an equivalent Class A Common Stock basis. Net earnings per share shown above represents net earnings per equivalent Class A Common share. Net earnings per Class B Common share is equal to one-thirtieth (1/30) of such amount. See accompanying Notes
BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (dollars in millions) First Half --------------------- 1997 1996 --------- --------- Net cash flows from operating activities...........................$ 1,166.7 $ 346.1 --------- --------- Cash flows from investing activities: Purchases of investments........................................ (2,826.3) (2,430.8) Proceeds on sales and maturities of investments................. 2,447.2 1,759.3 Loans and investments originated in finance businesses.......... (226.2) (332.5) Principal collections on loans and investments originated in finance businesses........................................ 141.8 189.9 Acquisitions of businesses...................................... (774.9) (1,946.2) Other........................................................... (81.7) (18.6) --------- --------- Net cash flows from investing activities........................... (1,320.1) (2,778.9) --------- --------- Cash flows from financing activities: Proceeds from borrowings of finance businesses.................. 45.0 115.3 Proceeds from other borrowings.................................. 514.1 610.6 Repayments of borrowings of finance businesses.................. (109.0) (129.5) Repayments of other borrowings.................................. (578.9) (580.8) Net proceeds from issuance of Class B Common Stock.............. -- 565.0 Other........................................................... (0.8) (1.2) --------- --------- Net cash flows from financing activities........................... (129.6) 579.4 --------- --------- Decrease in cash and cash equivalents.............................. (283.0) (1,853.4) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year*.................... 1,350.3 2,744.5 --------- --------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of second quarter*................$ 1,067.3 $ 891.1 ========= ========= Supplemental cash flow information: Cash paid during the period for: Income taxes...............................................$ 195.6 $ 524.6 Interest................................................... 59.5 62.8 Non-cash investing activity: Liabilities assumed in connection with acquisition of business... -- 3,901.5 * Cash and cash equivalents are comprised of the following: Beginning of year Finance businesses........................................$ 10.5 $ 40.7 Other..................................................... 1,339.8 2,703.8 --------- --------- $ 1,350.3 $ 2,744.5 ========= ========= End of second quarter-- Finance businesses........................................$ 16.4 $ 24.7 Other..................................................... 1,050.9 866.4 --------- --------- $ 1,067.3 $ 891.1 ========= ========= See accompanying Notes
BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY INC. Notes To Interim Consolidated Financial Statements June 30, 1997 Note 1. General Reference is made to Berkshire's most recently issued Annual Report that included information necessary or useful to understanding of Berkshire's businesses and financial statement presentations. In particular, Berkshire's significant accounting policies and practices were presented as Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in that Report. Financial information in this Report reflects any adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to a fair statement of results for the interim periods in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. For a number of reasons, Berkshire's results for interim periods are not normally indicative of results to be expected for the year. The timing and magnitude of catastrophe losses incurred by insurance subsidiaries and the estimation error inherent to the process of determining liabilities for unpaid losses of insurance subsidiaries can be more significant to results of interim periods than to results for a full year. Realized investment gains/losses are recorded when investments are sold, other-than-temporarily impaired or in certain situations, as required by GAAP, when investments are marked-to-market with the corresponding gain or loss included in earnings. Variations in amount and timing of realized investment gains/losses can cause significant variations in periodic net earnings. In March 1996, The Walt Disney Company ("Disney") completed its acquisition of Capital Cities/ABC, Inc. Subsidiaries of Berkshire received aggregate consideration of $2.5 billion, which included cash of $1.2 billion and common shares of Disney with a value of $1.3 billion. The Consolidated Statement of Earnings for the first half of 1996 includes a pre-tax realized investment gain of $2.2 billion from the Disney transaction. Note 2. Business acquisitions On December 23, 1996, FlightSafety International, Inc. ("FlightSafety") became a wholly-owned subsidiary as a result of the merger of FlightSafety with and into a subsidiary of Berkshire. FlightSafety provides high technology training to operators of aircraft and ships throughout the world. The merger was consummated pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger dated October 14, 1996 (the "FlightSafety Agreement") between Berkshire and FlightSafety. Pursuant to the FlightSafety Agreement, aggregate consideration of approximately $1.5 billion was paid to FlightSafety shareholders consisting of $769.0 million in cash, 17,728 shares of Berkshire's Class A common stock and 112,655 shares of Berkshire's Class B common stock. The results of operations for FlightSafety are included in Berkshire's consolidated results of operations beginning on the effective date of the merger December 23, 1996. The following table sets forth certain consolidated statement of earnings data for the first half of 1996, as if the FlightSafety merger had been consummated on the same terms at the beginning of 1996. Dollar amounts are in millions, except per share amounts. 1996 -------- Insurance premiums earned.......................$1,933.6 Sales and service revenues...................... 1,595.1 Total revenues.................................. 6,215.4 Net income...................................... 1,876.4 Earnings per equivalent Class A commonshare..... 1,538 On January 2, 1996, GEICO Corporation ("GEICO") became a wholly-owned subsidiary as a result of the merger of an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Berkshire with and into GEICO. GEICO, through its subsidiaries, is a multiple line property and casualty insurer, the principal business of which is underwriting private passenger automobile insurance. The merger was consummated pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "GEICO Agreement") dated August 25, 1995. Pursuant to the GEICO Agreement, each issued and outstanding common share of GEICO, except shares held by Berkshire subsidiaries and GEICO, was converted into the right to receive $70 per share, or an aggregate amount of $2.3 billion. The amount of the merger consideration was based upon 33,284,733 outstanding shares held by the public on the merger date. Since January 2, 1996, the accounts of GEICO have been included in Berkshire's consolidated financial statements. As of the merger date, subsidiaries of Berkshire owned 34,250,000 common shares of GEICO, which were acquired in years prior to 1981 at an aggregate cost of $45.7 million. Up to the merger date, neither Berkshire nor its subsidiaries had acquired any shares of GEICO common stock since 1980. However, Berkshire's ownership percentage, due to intervening stock repurchases by GEICO, gradually increased from about 33% in 1980 to almost 51% immediately prior to the merger date. Each of the mergers described above was accounted for by the purchase method. The excess of the purchase cost over the fair value of net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill of acquired businesses and is being amortized over forty years. Note 3. Recapitalization and Common Stock On May 6, 1996, Berkshire shareholders approved a recapitalization plan which created a new class of common stock, designated as Class B Common Stock. In connection therewith, Berkshire's existing common stock was redesignated as Class A Common Stock. Each share of Class A Common Stock is convertible, at the option of the holder, into thirty shares of Class B Common Stock. On May 8, 1996, Berkshire completed an initial public offering of 517,500 shares of Class B Common Stock. Berkshire received net proceeds from the offering of $565.0 million. The following table summarizes Berkshire's common stock activity during the first half of 1997: Shares of Shares of Class A Common Stock Class B Common Stock ---------------------------------------- ---------------------- Issued Held in Treasury Outstanding Issued and Outstanding --------- ---------------- ----------- ---------------------- Balance at December 31, 1996..............1,376,188 (170,068) 1,206,120 783,755 Conversions of Class A Common Stock to Class B Common Stock and other.... (6,714) -- (6,714) 201,498 --------- --------- --------- ------- Balance at June 30, 1997..................1,369,474 (170,068) 1,199,406 985,253 ========= ========= ========= ======= Note 4. Investments in securities with fixed maturities Data with respect to investments in securities with fixed maturities (other than securities with fixed maturities held by finance businesses See Note 7) are shown in the tabulation below (in millions). June 30, December 31, 1997 1996 --------- ----------- Amortized cost................$ 6,942.3 $ 6,142.3 Gross unrealized gains........ 411.9 318.4 Gross unrealized losses....... (11.2) (13.8) --------- --------- Estimated fair value..........$ 7,343.0 $ 6,446.9 ========= ========= Note 5. Investments in equity securities Data with respect to investments in equity securities are shown in the tabulation below (in millions). Individual investments whose fair values exceed ten percent of consolidated shareholders' equity at June 30, 1997 and December 31, 1996 are listed separately. June 30, December 31, 1997 1996 --------- ----------- Total cost...................$ 8,988.9 $ 9,152.0 Gross unrealized gains....... 24,805.5 18,621.0 Gross unrealized losses...... (23.2) (22.4) --------- --------- Total fair value.............$33,771.2 $27,750.6 ========= ========= Fair value: American Express Company....$ 3,684.5 $ 2,794.3 The Coca-Cola Company....... 13,600.0 10,525.0 The Gillette Company........ 4,548.0 3,732.0 All others.................. 11,938.7 10,699.3 --------- --------- Total.......................$33,771.2 $27,750.6 ========= ========= Note 6. Deferred income tax liability The tax effects of significant items comprising the Company's net deferred tax liability as of June 30, 1997 and December 31, 1996 are as follows (in millions): June 30, December 31, 1997 1996 --------- ----------- Deferred tax liabilities: Relating to unrealized appreciation of investments.....$ 8,818.9 $ 6,620.6 Other............................. 828.4 860.9 --------- --------- 9,647.3 7,481.5 Deferred tax assets................. (661.8) (602.8) --------- --------- Net deferred tax liability........$ 8,985.5 $ 6,878.7 ========= ========= Note 7. Finance businesses Assets and liabilities of Berkshire's finance businesses are summarized below (in millions): June 30, December 31, 1997 1996 Assets -------- ----------- Cash and cash equivalents................$ 16.4 $ 10.5 Installment loans and other receivables.. 226.6 215.9 Fixed maturity investments............... 832.6 742.4 -------- -------- $1,075.6 $ 968.8 ======== ======== Liabilities Borrowings under investment agreements and other debt......................$ 317.3 $ 381.3 Annuity reserves and policyholder liabilities......................... 576.9 434.8 Other.................................... 42.8 35.2 -------- -------- $ 937.0 $ 851.3 ======== ======== Note 8. Unrealized appreciation of investments Changes in "Unrealized appreciation of investments", the balance of which is carried in shareholders' equity, were as follows during the second quarter and first half of 1997 and 1996 (in millions): Second Quarter First Half -------------------- -------------------- 1997 1996 1997 1996 --------- --------- --------- --------- Increase in unrealized appreciation............$ 5,540.0 $ 1,764.8 $ 6,279.7 $ 1,349.6 Increase in deemed applicable income taxes................................. (1,940.6) (617.4) (2,200.1) (488.7) Increase in minority shareholders' interest.... (55.4) (10.6) (56.6) (13.5) --------- --------- --------- --------- Net increase................................. 3,544.0 1,136.8 4,023.0 847.4 Balance at beginning of period................. 12,622.9 8,931.3 12,143.9 9,220.7 --------- --------- --------- --------- Balance at end of second quarter...............$16,166.9 $10,068.1 $16,166.9 $10,068.1 ========= ========= ========= =========
BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY INC. Management's Discussion June 30, 1997 Net earnings for the second quarter and first half of the current and prior year are summarized in the following table. Amounts are in millions and each figure is income tax effected. Second Quarter First Half -------------- ---------------- 1997 1996 1997 1996 ------ ------ ------ -------- Insurance, except realized investment gain/loss...$207.1 $160.5 $418.3 $ 289.1 Manufacturing, merchandising and services......... 59.1 43.3 120.7 83.2 Unallocated income/expense, net................... 6.0 6.7 12.1 13.8 Interest expense *................................ (17.3) (16.8) (33.1) (32.2) ------ ------ ------ -------- Earnings before realized investment gain/loss... 254.9 193.7 518.0 353.9 Realized investment gain (loss)................... 22.9 (2.5) 44.2 1,506.0 ------ ------ ------ -------- Net earnings....................................$277.8 $191.2 $562.2 $1,859.9 ====== ====== ====== ======== * For purposes of the above table, interest expense of finance businesses is netted against the directly related service activity revenues. Insurance Group The after tax figures shown above for Insurance Group earnings, except realized investment gain/loss, are aggregated in the following table. Dollar amounts are in millions. Second Quarter First Half ------------------ ------------------ 1997 1996 1997 1996 -------- -------- -------- -------- Premiums earned from: Direct insurance.............................$ 933.3 $ 823.6 $1,817.8 $1,629.4 Reinsurance assumed.......................... 326.8 188.1 425.3 304.2 -------- -------- -------- -------- $1,260.1 $1,011.7 $2,243.1 $1,933.6 ======== ======== ======== ======== Underwriting gain (loss) attributable to: Direct insurance.............................$ 57.1 $ 50.1 $ 134.5 $ 90.2 Reinsurance assumed.......................... 36.1 5.5 29.3 (12.3) -------- -------- -------- -------- Total underwriting gain..................... 93.2 55.6 163.8 77.9 Net investment income.......................... 196.3 165.9 413.2 318.9 Goodwill amortization *........................ (11.0) (10.6) (21.5) (21.4) -------- -------- -------- -------- Earnings before income taxes................ 278.5 210.9 555.5 375.4 Income tax expense............................. 69.4 48.8 133.0 82.7 Minority interest.............................. 2.0 1.6 4.2 3.6 -------- -------- -------- -------- Net earnings from Insurance, except realized investment gain/loss.....$ 207.1 $ 160.5 $ 418.3 $ 289.1 ======== ======== ======== ======== * Principally related to the GEICO merger. In direct insurance activities, Insurance Group members assume risks of loss from parties who are directly subject to the risks. In reinsurance activities, the members assume defined portions of similar or dissimilar risks to which other insurers or reinsurers have subjected themselves in their own insuring activities. In January 1996, GEICO became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Berkshire. (See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding this acquisition.) GEICO, through its subsidiaries, provides primarily private passenger automobile coverages to insureds in 48 states and the District of Columbia. GEICO policies are marketed mainly by direct response methods, in which customers apply for coverage directly to the company over the telephone or through the mail. This is a significant element in GEICO's strategy to be a low cost provider of such coverages. Since 1995, GEICO has substantially reduced the amounts of homeowners and boat insurance offered and plans to fully exit those lines of business by 1999. Insurance premiums earned during the second quarter by GEICO were $855.6 million in 1997 and $757.4 million in 1996. For the first half, premiums earned by GEICO were $1.67 billion in 1997 and $1.50 billion in 1996. Premiums earned during the first half of 1997 from voluntary auto business exceeded 1996 by 17.7%, reflecting primarily increased numbers of policies-in-force. In-force policy growth over the last twelve months was 10.7% in GEICO's preferred-risk auto business and 38.1% in the standard and non-standard auto lines as efforts have been expanded to offer rate quotes to potential customers who do not meet GEICO's preferred-risk underwriting guidelines. Voluntary auto new business sales during the first half of 1997 increased 58.3% over 1996. The growth in voluntary auto business was partially offset by declines in premiums generated from non-auto and residual auto insurance coverages. Increased premium volume is expected to continue for the remainder of 1997 with respect to GEICO's private passenger automobile insurance businesses. The net underwriting gains produced by GEICO for the second quarter of 1997 and 1996 were $48.1 million and $37.7 million, respectively. For the first half, underwriting gains totaled $118.1 million in 1997 and $67.5 million in 1996. GEICO's first half underwriting results included charges for catastrophe losses of approximately $6 million in 1997 and $36 million in 1996. Catastrophe losses of about $24 million in 1996 resulted from homeowner losses primarily associated with the January 1996 east coast blizzard. First half underwriting results in 1997 also benefitted from relatively mild winter weather conditions that resulted in a reduced frequency of automobile physical damage claims. Second quarter premiums earned from the various other direct insurance businesses were $77.7 million and $66.2 million in 1997 and 1996, respectively. First half premiums earned totaled $147.7 million and $131.8 million in 1997 and 1996, respectively. Collectively, the various other direct insurance businesses generated second quarter underwriting gains of $9.0 million in 1997 and $12.4 million in 1996. For the first six months of 1997 and 1996, the non-GEICO direct insurance businesses produced net underwriting gains of $16.4 million and $22.7 million, respectively. Reinsurance premiums earned during the second quarter from catastrophe excess-of-loss contracts were $92.1 million in 1997 and $94.1 million in 1996. For the first half of 1997 catastrophe reinsurance premiums earned were $100.6 million compared to $126.9 million in the comparable prior year period. Price competition for catastrophe reinsurance business continues to intensify in 1997. As a result, the number of acceptably priced offerings to the Insurance Group declined. However, the Group's extraordinary financial strength permits it to occasionally write exceptionally large catastrophe polices. For example, a policy with the California Earthquake Authority ("CEA") became effective on April 1, 1997. The CEA policy provides aggregate protection of about $1 billion and will be called upon if the CEA incurs aggregate earthquake losses in excess of about $5 billion during the four year period ending March 31, 2001. The property catastrophe reinsurance business contributed second quarter underwriting gains of $81.7 million in 1997 and $58.3 million in 1996. First half underwriting gains from catastrophe policies totaled $97.2 million in 1997 and $72.7 million in 1996. Lower amounts of catastrophe losses and expenses incurred in 1997 periods more than offset the comparative decline in premiums earned. The magnitude of underwriting gains achieved from the catastrophe reinsurance business should not be viewed as predictive of future profitability. The timing and magnitude of catastrophic loss events can cause extreme volatility in periodic underwriting results. Reinsurance premiums earned during the second quarter and first half of 1997 include $140.1 million attributable to the Insurance Group's "retroactive" reinsurance business. A retroactive reinsurance policy covers certain past loss occurrences of the ceding company. There were no premiums earned from retroactive reinsurance policies in the corresponding 1996 periods. Reinsurance underwriting results for 1997 and 1996 periods include net charges related to the amortization of deferred charges re reinsurance assumed established with respect to retroactive reinsurance policies and the accretion of discounted structured settlement liabilities. These recurring charges reflect the recognition of time- value-of-money concepts. Accretion and amortization charges for the second quarter of 1997 and 1996 were $18.7 million and $17.0 million, respectively. For the first half, such charges totaled $39.7 million in 1997 and $36.7 million in 1996. Premiums earned in 1997 periods from the other non- catastrophe reinsurance contracts were basically unchanged from corresponding 1996 periods. In both 1997 and 1996, other non-catastrophe reinsurance business derived principally from a few sizable excess-of-loss contracts. These contracts generated net underwriting losses of $26.9 million and $35.8 million in the second quarter of 1997 and 1996, respectively. First half underwriting losses from these contracts were $28.2 million in 1997 and $48.3 million in 1996. Time-value-of-money concepts are important considerations in establishing premiums for most non- catastrophe reinsurance coverages because claim losses are expected to be paid over extended time periods. Underwriting losses often occur as the provisions for estimated claim losses are established for financial reporting purposes without discounting for time. This business is accepted because of the large amounts of policyholder funds ("float") produced. Net investment income for the second quarter of 1997 exceeded amounts earned during the second quarter of 1996 by $30.4 million. For the first half of 1997, net investment income exceeded amounts earned during the first half of 1996 by $94.3 million. During 1997, Insurance Group members received dividends (including all amounts previously in arrears) totaling $8.1 million for the second quarter and $62.3 million for the first half from its investment in US Airways Cumulative Convertible Preferred Shares. Net investment income for the corresponding 1996 periods include no dividends with respect to the US Airways Preferred Shares. The Insurance Group continues to generate significant levels of investment income, reflecting large levels of invested assets. Invested assets derive from shareholder capital and reinvested earnings, as well as substantial levels of policyholder funds ("float") generated from insurance and reinsurance underwriting activities. As of June 30, 1997, "float", the approximate level of invested policyholder funds, was about $7.4 billion. Manufacturing, Merchandising and Services Results of operations of Berkshire's diverse non- insurance businesses are aggregated in the following table. Dollar amounts are in millions. Second Quarter First Half ------------------------------ -------------------------------- 1997 1996 1997 1996 -------------- -------------- --------------- --------------- Amount % Amount % Amount % Amount % ------- ----- ------- ----- -------- ----- -------- ----- Revenues.........................$ 837.2 100.0 $ 721.8 100.0 $1,669.7 100.0 $1,428.7 100.0 Costs and expenses............... 734.9 87.8 648.0 89.8 1,463.6 87.7 1,286.9 90.1 ------- ----- ------- ----- -------- ----- -------- ----- Earnings before income taxes..... 102.3 12.2 73.8 10.2 206.1 12.3 141.8 9.9 Applicable income taxes.......... 41.8 5.0 29.3 4.0 82.9 5.0 56.6 4.0 Applicable minority interest..... 1.4 0.1 1.2 0.2 2.5 0.1 2.0 0.1 ------- ----- ------- ----- -------- ----- -------- ----- Net earnings.....................$ 59.1 7.1 $ 43.3 6.0 $ 120.7 7.2 $ 83.2 5.8 ======= ===== ======= ===== ======== ===== ======== ===== Revenues from these several and diverse business activities during 1997's second quarter and first half were greater by $115.4 million (16.0%) and $241.0 million (16.9%) than revenues recorded during the corresponding 1996 periods. The increases are primarily due to the acquisition at the end of 1996 of FlightSafety International, Inc. ("FlightSafety"). FlightSafety provides high technology training to operators of aircraft and ships throughout the world. See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding this acquisition. Net earnings from this group of businesses were greater by $15.8 million (36.5%) during 1997's second quarter and $37.5 million (45.1%) during 1997's first half than net earnings reported in the corresponding prior year periods. The inclusion of FlightSafety's results during 1997 is primarily responsible for the improved results. Realized Investment Gain/Loss Realized investment gain/loss has been a recurring element in Berkshire's net earnings for many years. The amount recorded when securities are sold, other than temporarily impaired or in certain situations, as required by GAAP, when investments are marked-to-market with a corresponding gain or loss included in earnings may fluctuate significantly from period to period, with a meaningful effect upon Berkshire's consolidated net earnings. However, the amount of realized investment gain or loss for any given period has no predictive value, and variations in amount from period to period have no practical analytical value, particularly in view of the net unrealized price appreciation now existing in Berkshire's consolidated investment portfolio. The Consolidated Statement of Earnings for the first half of 1996 reflects a pre-tax realized investment gain of $2.3 billion ($1.5 billion after tax). Most of this gain resulted from The Walt Disney Company's ("Disney") acquisition of Capital Cities/ABC, Inc. ("Capital Cities"). Prior to the acquisition, subsidiaries of Berkshire owned common stock of Capital Cities which had been acquired in 1986 for an aggregate cost of $345.0 million. In exchange for the Capital Cities common stock, Berkshire subsidiaries received cash and Disney common stock having an aggregate value of $2.5 billion. While the realized gain had a material impact on Berkshire's 1996 reported earnings, it had a very minor impact on Berkshire's shareholders' equity. Berkshire records its investments at market value and the appreciation in the Capital Cities stock had been previously reflected as a component of shareholders' equity in periods prior to 1996's first quarter. Financial Condition Berkshire's balance sheet continues to reflect significant liquidity and above average capital strength. Shareholders' equity at June 30, 1997, was $28.0 billion or $22,732 per equivalent share of Class A Common Stock. * * * * *
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